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Articles and Research

Theraplay is an evidence-based intervention. Theraplay has been accepted by the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration for inclusion on the National Registry for Evidence-Based Programs and Practices.

Bojanowski, J. J., & Ammen, S. (2011). Discriminating between pre- versus post-theraplay treatment Marschak Interaction Methods using the Marschak Interaction Method Rating System. International Journal of Play Therapy, 20(1), 1–11.


Eruyar, S., & Vostanis, P. (2020). Feasibility of group theraplay with refugee children in Turkey. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 20(4), 626–637.

Friend, J. (2012). Mitigating Intergenerational Trauma Within the Parent-Child Attachment. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 33(02), 114–127.

Hiles Howard, A. R., Lindaman, S., Copeland, R., & Cross, D. R. (2018). Theraplay impact on parents and children with autism spectrum disorder: Improvements in affect, joint attention, and social cooperation. International Journal of Play Therapy, 27(1), 56–68. APA PsycInfo.

Jernberg, A. M. (1984). Theraplay: Child Therapy for Attachment Fostering. Psychotherapy, 21(Spring), 39–47.

Kim, Y.-K., & Nahm, S. (2008). Cultural considerations in adapting and implementing play therapy. International Journal of Play Therapy, 17(1), 66–77.

Money, R., Wilde, S., & Dawson, D. (2020). Review: The effectiveness of Theraplay for children under 12 – a systematic literature review. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, camh.12416.

Robison, M., Lindaman, S. L., Clemmons, M. P., Doyle-Buckwalter, K., & Ryan, M. (2009). “I Deserve a Family”: The Evolution of an Adolescent’s Behavior and Beliefs About Himself and Others When Treated with Theraplay in Residential Care. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 26(4), 291–306.

Salisbury, S. (2018). Using attachment enhancing activities based on the principles of Theraplay® to improve adult-child relationships and reduce a child’s ‘overall stress’ as measured by the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 23(4), 424–440.

Simeone-Russell, R. (2011). A practical approach to implementing theraplay for children with autism spectrum disorder. International Journal of Play Therapy, 20(4), 224–235.


Siu, A. F. Y. (2009). Theraplay in the Chinese world: An intervention program for Hong Kong children with internalizing problems. International Journal of Play Therapy, 18(1), 1–12.

Siu, A. F. Y. (2021). Does age make a difference when incorporating music as a rhythmic-mediated component in a theraplay-based program to facilitate attunement of preschool children with social impairment?International Journal of Play Therapy, 30(2), 136–145.

Siu, A. F. (2023). Evaluating two play-based approaches for children and carers in residential settings: A mixed-method, randomized control study. International Journal of Play Therapy, 32(2), 63-74. 

Weaver, J. L., Medyk, N. V., Swank, J. M., Daniels, P. F., & Smith-Adcock, S. (2021). A phenomenological study of Theraplay groups within a middle school. International Journal of Play Therapy, 30(2), 125–135.

Weir, K. N. (2008). Using Integrative Play Therapy with Adoptive Families to Treat Reactive Attachment Disorder: A Case Example. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 18(4), 1-16.

Weir, K. N., Lee, S., Canosa, P., Rodrigues, N., McWilliams, M., & Parker, L. (2013). Whole Family Theraplay: Integrating Family Systems Theory and Theraplay to Treat Adoptive Families. Adoption Quarterly, 16(3–4), 175–200.

Wettig, H. H. G., Coleman, A. R., & Geider, F. J. (2011). Evaluating the effectiveness of Theraplay in treating shy, socially withdrawn children. International Journal of Play Therapy, 20(1), 26–37.

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